ZION NARROWS DAY HIKE ("Bottom Up" from the Temple of Sinawava)

Hiking Information Photos 1 2 3 4 5

adventurous hikers heading up the Virgin River in the Zion Narrows (Zion National Park) -- © 2010 Joe Braun Photography

The Famous Zion Slot Canyon Hike:

For the majority of tourists and hikers who want to see the best of the Zion Narrows, this is the route to do. Starting at the Temple of Sinawava (the last stop on the free Zion Canyon shuttle), you can hike up the Riverside Walk trail and then continue hiking right up the river to see some of the best "narrows" sections of the North Fork of the Virgin River. Hike up as far as you want to go and then turn around and retrace your steps. A side hike up Orderville Canyon is also a good detour to see even more amazing slot canyon scenery. As a round-trip hike, this can be as leisurely or strenuous as you wish to make it.

Moderately strenuous/strenuous river hiking
Temple of Sinawava (the 9th and final stop for the Zion Canyon Shuttle in Zion Canyon)
Time Required:
Allow at least 6 hours to reach and enjoy the best sections of the Narrows.
2.5 miles from Temple of Sinawava to Orderville Canyon and Wall Street (one-way); 2 more miles to Big Springs.
Elevation Change:
Gradual ascent up the river.
Summer and fall for casual tourists. The Narrows are generally closed for much of the spring months due to snowmelt and spring run-off (typically mid-March to late May). Winter hiking is possible with proper protection (wetsuits/drysuits).
Permit Required?
NO, a wilderness permit is not required for the "bottom up" Narrows hike.
Flash Flood Warning:
Check weather forecast and do not do this hike if there is a threat of rain.
map icon linking to large map Zion Narrows Day Hike Map:
Temple of Sinawava to Big Springs.

Hiking the Zion Narrows:

You do not need a wilderness permit to hike the Narrows this way. Starting at the Temple of Sinawava (the last stop for the Zion Canyon Shuttle), hike up the pleasant Riverside Walk trail until it ends about a mile north. Now the fun begins -- it's time to start hiking right in the water!

For the majority of the day, you will be hiking in knee to waist deep water with the riverbed alternating between sections of sand and sections with a lot of loose rocks and boulders. Brereton and Dunaway mention the footing being akin to "trying to walk on greased bowling balls." While maybe not that bad, hiking poles (or a stick) as well as good footwear will be invaluable. (Please see the equipment recommendations below.) While the water is usually less than waist deep, you may encounter a handful of pockets of chest-deep water or even a swimmer. And while the water current is generally mild, many narrow crossings can be strong enough to challenge your balance. (If the water where you are standing is very deep, usually you can move to your left or right to find a more shallow alternative route.)

lovely slot canyon scenery in the Zion Narrows (Zion National Park) -- © 2019 Joe Braun Photography

Less than half-a-mile from the Temple of Sinawava, you will pass Mystery Falls, a beautiful spot where water rolls down the sandstone walls from the canyon above. Roughly 2 miles from the Temple of Sinawava is the beginning of the section that many Springdale outfitters call "Wall Street" -- the start of the narrowest section of canyon where you will now be hiking in the water almost all of the time. And soon after, you will pass the mouth of Orderville Canyon on the right (east) side of the river.

Side Trip up Orderville Canyon:

For a diversion from the main Zion Narrows hike, you may want to explore up Orderville Canyon a bit. Orderville Canyon is a tributary that is even taller, darker, and more enchanting that the main Narrows. The canyon has much less flowing water, but there are many obstacles that involve a bit of rock-scrambling and a bit of swimming to overcome. Roughly half-a-mile up Orderville Canyon, you will come to a small waterfall formation (known by some as "Veiled Falls") where the National Park Service has placed a sign that prohibits further travel upstream. While it is physically possible to make your way up the falls and explore a bit more, be aware that coming down is a lot more difficult. Subtle moki steps are in the right (south) canyon wall, but many people have jumped the falls only to twist an ankle and require rescue. Use your best judgment and don't press your abilities. Turn around when you have had your fill.

a beautiful corner with golden light in the Zion Narrows (Zion National Park) -- © 2018 Joe Braun Photography

Continuing up to Big Springs:

Continuing up the Zion Narrows, the canyon remains dark and impressive with no high ground to climb up to in the event of the thunderstorm or flash flood. Most hikers will continue hiking up through this section and then turn around when the scenery mellows out a bit. But if you have the time and the energy, the next section is more difficult as the canyon is littered with large boulders that block parts of the river. You may have to search around a bit to find the easiest way to scramble over and around the obstacles and avoid a few short deeper sections of water. No obstacles are insurmountable, so always look for alternatives.

Once through the "boulder field of broken hearts", the going gets a bit easier and in half a mile you will reach Big Springs, another magical spot where a beautiful set of springs and small waterfalls come right out of the canyon walls. This is the manditory turn-around spot for dayhikers; no travel is permitted upstream from here. When you have had enough, turn around and return the way you came back to the Temple of Sinawava. (Most people turn around a mile or so upstream of Orderville Canyon.)

a dark section of the Zion Narrows with no high ground to escape a flash flood (Zion National Park) -- © 2018 Joe Braun Photography

Flash Flood Warning:

No description of the Narrows would be complete without a stern warning about the danger of flash foods. Many tourists are caulous about taking the weather seriously, but please do not do this hike if the forecast calls for rain. A strong enough rain storm can quickly turn a calm and shallow stream into a deadly wall of rushing water. Please check the weather forecast and the Wilderness Desk for current conditions and for any advisories. Remember that it doesn't have to be raining directly above you for a flash-flood threat to be possible.

Please Leave No Trace!

Due to the epic popularity of the Zion Narrows "Bottom Up" hike, it is important that all visitors be aware of "leave no trace" ethics and try to minimize their impact. Since 2010, there has been a growing problem of graffiti and vandalism in the lower sections of the canyon where hoards of tourists visit every day.

Mud hand prints are a form of vandalism that litter the walls in the Zion Narrows (Zion National Park) -- © 2018 Joe Braun Photography

Please do not make mud drawings or handprints on the walls of the canyon. Please do not carve or scratch your name or anything else into the rock formations. Please do not build cairns or other decorative formations out of the stones.

While you may think that these actions are harmless, the National Park Service considers these actions to be illegal vandalism. This isn't your bedroom or your local town park; please do not ruin the wilderness experience for others. If you witness anybody else doing this, please tell them to stop and consider taking their photo and reporting them to rangers.

Big Springs, an oasis of spring water coming out of the canyon wall (Zion National Park) -- © 2018 Joe Braun Photography

Seasons, Water Levels, and Difficulty:

The hiking season for the Zion Narrows is typically summer and autumn, but the start of the season is controlled by the spring runoff and water levels. The Zion Narrows is typically closed to hiking between mid-March and late May, depending on how much snow fell on the high country in winter. In record snowfall years like 2005 and 2011, hiking in the Narrows didn't open until mid-July. To see the current and median water levels as well as track the melting of the snowpack in spring, please see the Current Conditions page.

Note that it is possible to hike the Narrows in fall and winter, provided you are adequately prepared for the cold water; farmer-john wetsuit bottoms or even drysuits may be called for, depending on the temperatures. If you want to do the top-down Narrows in the winter, keep in mind that the NPS Service will not issue a one-day top-down permit because there is not enough daylight to complete the hike safely. Snowfall or heavy rains may also make the dirt road to Chamberlain's Ranch impassible.

The difficulty of hiking the Zion Narrows is greatly affected by water flow. A flow below 50cfs indicates relatively easy hiking conditions while flow above 100cfs can be difficult and dangerous. The Wilderness Desk will not issue a permit for the Zion Narrows if waterflow is above 120cfs. Also note that hiking is much more difficult when the water is murky (like chocolate milk) several days after flash floods. Not being able to see rocks under the water's surface can really slow you down.

Hiking up the mysterious Orderville Canyon from the Zion Narrows (Zion National Park) -- © 2018 Joe Braun Photography

Equipment Recommendations:

Good footwear that covers your toes are must, as are hiking poles (or a hiking stick) and a fleece. Since you will be hiking in water most of the time, you will want to keep all of your electronics and overnight gear in drybags. Please see the Zion Narrows Overview page and the Hiking and Backpacking Gear list for specific recommendations.

Dealing with Human Waste:

For the first mile of the hike, there are plenty of pockets of vegetated shoreline. While most hikers will choose to hike from shore to shore rather than staying in the water all of the time, please do your best to avoid trampling the plantlife. If you need to pee, it is actually best to go right in the river rather than on a shore or bank. But if you need to do more, you must pack out your solid waste. This may seem gross, but it's actually quite easy and safe to do. Solid waste bags like the Restop 2 and the Cleanwaste GO Anywhere Toilet Kit Waste Bags contain waste bags and odor neutralizers to help you carry everything out as pleasantly as possible. Ziplock bags and used Mountain House pouches can also get the job done. Practicing the highest level of "leave no trace" ethics in the Narrows keeps the canyon pristine and pleasant for the next people to enjoy!

Joe's Spin:

The Zion Narrows day hike is an all-time classic; it's one of the best hikes in Zion and arguably one of the best hikes in any American National Park! With its amazing scenery and the thrill of hiking in water all day, who could ask for more? This hike is strenuous and demanding, but you can turn around whenever you like. But if you want any sense of solitude, start hiking very early in the day; by mid-afternoon, the lower sections of the Narrows hike resemble a flash mob with many, many people sharing the river.

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